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Professional Carpet Cleaner in Bangkok Explains ‘Reverse Pile Shading’ or ‘Watermarking’ on Carpets

CarpetSmart stands as a beacon of excellence in the carpet cleaning industry, especially in bustling cities like Bangkok. With our professional carpet cleaning services, we address various issues that affect carpets, including the perplexing phenomenon of reverse pile shading or watermarking. This post will delve into the intricacies of this issue, explaining what it is, why it happens, and how our cutting-edge technology and techniques make us the best carpet cleaning services near you in Bangkok.

Understanding Reverse Pile Shading and Watermarking

What is Reverse Pile Shading?

Reverse pile shading, also known as watermarking, pooling, or highlighting, is a phenomenon that affects all pile yarn carpets. It creates a permanent change in the carpet's appearance due to the way light reflects off the yarn's sides and tips when the pile lays in different directions. This results in shaded areas that appear light from one angle and dark from another, giving the illusion that water has spilled on the carpet.



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This is an excellent illustration of how reverse pile shading occurs. What causes it and how it affects the visuality of the carpet and how the fibres behave and reflect light off of the reversed fibre strands.


Why Does It Happen?

The precise reasons why carpet pile changes direction and creates this shading effect remain somewhat mysterious. However, several factors can contribute to this phenomenon:

  1. Foot Traffic Patterns: High-traffic areas often push the carpet pile away from the center of the path and towards the sides, creating a visible pattern.

  2. Subfloor Irregularities: Uneven subfloors can cause the pile to shift in different directions.

  3. Environmental Factors: Humidity and temperature changes can also affect the pile direction.

It’s important to note that pile reversal is not a manufacturing defect and does not impact the durability of the carpet. It can occur in any type of carpet, regardless of the materials or manufacturing process used.

The Challenge of Addressing Pile Reversal

Once pile reversal has occurred, reversing it is nearly impossible. Brushing or vacuuming might offer temporary visual changes, but these are superficial and the pile will return to its reversed position once subjected to foot traffic again. The visual impact of pile reversal can vary depending on the carpet type:

  • Loop Pile Carpets: These have a lower light-reflecting quality, making pile reversal less noticeable.

  • Cut Pile Carpets with Matte Yarns: These also reflect less light, helping to hide the effects of shading.

  • Boldly Patterned Carpets: Patterns can mask the light reflection variations caused by pile reversal.

Despite these nuances, it is impossible to guarantee that pile reversal will not develop in any carpet over time.

CarpetSmart’s Advanced Solutions

Why Choose CarpetSmart?

At CarpetSmart, we pride ourselves on being the professional carpet cleaner in Bangkok that goes beyond the ordinary. Our years of experience and commitment to using the latest technology and state-of-the-art equipment set us apart. Here’s how we address and manage carpet cleaning challenges, including pile reversal:

Cutting-Edge Technology and Techniques

Our cleaning process incorporates advanced technology designed to handle even the most stubborn carpet issues. We utilize a multi-step cleaning approach that ensures deep and thorough cleaning:

  1. Pre-Spray Chemicals: We use a combination of pre-spray chemicals that prepare the carpet fibers and break down embedded dirt. This step is crucial for effective cleaning.

  2. Dry Powder Deep Clean: This method ensures that the dirt and debris are thoroughly removed from the carpet without leaving behind any moisture that could contribute to future pile reversal.

  3. Encapsulation: Our encapsulation technique traps dirt particles, making them easy to remove and preventing them from resettling in the carpet fibers.

Expertise and Professionalism

Understanding carpet chemistry and fiber structure is key to our success. Our team is trained to identify the specific needs of each carpet type and apply the appropriate cleaning methods. This expertise ensures that we deliver the best possible results, maintaining the integrity and appearance of your carpets.

Environmentally Friendly Solutions

All our cleaning products are environmentally friendly and safe for your home or business. We prioritize using solutions that are effective yet gentle on your carpets and safe for the environment. Our commitment to sustainability is part of what makes us the best carpet cleaning services near you in Bangkok.

The Benefits of Professional Carpet Cleaning

Enhanced Carpet Lifespan

Regular professional cleaning helps extend the life of your carpets by removing dirt and debris that can wear down the fibers over time. By addressing issues like pile reversal, we help maintain the carpet's appearance and durability.

Improved Indoor Air Quality

Clean carpets contribute to better indoor air quality by trapping dust, allergens, and pollutants. Our deep cleaning methods ensure that these contaminants are effectively removed, creating a healthier environment for your family or employees.

Aesthetic Appeal

Maintaining clean and well-cared-for carpets enhances the overall aesthetic of your space. Whether it’s a home, office, or commercial establishment, clean carpets make a positive impression on visitors and occupants.

Customer Satisfaction

For commercial establishments, clean carpets can lead to higher customer satisfaction. Hotels, restaurants, and offices benefit from the positive reviews and repeat business that come with maintaining a clean and inviting environment.

CarpetSmart: Your Local Professional Carpet Cleaners in Bangkok

Choosing CarpetSmart means choosing a team dedicated to excellence and customer satisfaction. Our local carpet cleaning services in Bangkok are designed to meet the highest standards of cleanliness and care. We understand the unique challenges posed by Bangkok's environment and traffic patterns, and we tailor our services to address these effectively.

Comprehensive Cleaning Packages

We offer a range of cleaning packages to suit different needs and budgets. Whether you need a one-time deep clean or regular maintenance, we have a solution that fits. Our packages include:

  • Deep Carpet Cleaning Bangkok: A thorough clean that reaches deep into the fibers.

  • Best Carpet Cleaning Service Bangkok: A comprehensive service that ensures your carpets look and feel their best.

  • Carpet Cleaning Contractors Near Me Bangkok: Reliable and professional services for commercial properties.

Contact Us Today

Experience the CarpetSmart difference by contacting us today. Call us at 0805366941, visit our website at www.carpetsmart-intl.com, or email us at brian@carpetsmart-intl.com to learn more about our services and schedule an appointment. Let us help you maintain beautiful, clean carpets that enhance your space and contribute to a healthier environment.


By focusing on the latest technology and expert techniques, CarpetSmart leads the way in professional carpet cleaning. Trust us to keep your carpets looking their best and extend their lifespan with our specialized services.



best carpet cleaning services near me Bangkok
Here you can clearly see the where watermarks are. They are actually fibres that flow in the opposite direction, light is absorbed by some fibres and reflected back by others. This is a great example of what the carpet looks like after years of traffic moving the fibres in different directions. It actually looks very dirty but that is just the absorbed light. So, you could say that the dark patches are in fact fibres that are pointing toward you, and the lighter fibres are pointing away from you reflecting the light back at you.

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Again, a great image to show the shaded areas that look like a water spillage, or 'Watermarks'. These are a permanent feature of your carpet now, and no amount of brushing or cleaning will get them to sit straight in the base of the carpet! It is a strange but incredibly common phenomenom that simply cannot be fixed?

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In this picture, if you look at the top right corner you will clearly see large dark patches that are definitively permanent reverse pile shading! Sometimes, with our cleaning and because we use counter rotating brush machines that lift the pile, it sometimes makes them even more visible. It is not down to bad cleaning methods, its just that we have now exaggerated the pile that will soon flatten back to their original reverse position after a little foot traffic. I hope this post has helped?

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